Active parliamentary participation in UN processes and other international small arms meetings is decisive towards preventing the proliferation of small arms and armed violence. In 2001 the United Nations Conference on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects adopted the Programme of Action (PoA) highlighting recommendations at the national, regional and global level to curb the illicit trade and global proliferation of small arms. These recommendations directly relate to the parliamentary task of implementing legally binding international instruments.
The PoA envisages greater parliamentary participation at the international level, especially in the UN process. Today, many governments involve MPs in their delegations to UN conferences of SALW, which has greatly improved discourse on the issue. The Forum highly values parliamentary involvement in the UN SALW process and is, together with the UNDP, working to increase both participation and substantial follow-up. The Forum has also launched recommendations for parliamentary action to facilitate the implementation of the PoA on a parliamentary level.